FLORA

Babadag has a wide diversity of flora due to its topography, orientation, altitude and close proximity to the sea. The tree level rises to around 1900m, being split into belts and regions. The Southwest flank is dominated by an evergreen type of oak tree, mostly in bush form. The Northeast flank has a denser forest cover of mainly red pine and cedar, where the belts of trees of the same types are located at some 200m. lower altitude compared to the opposite side. Below, you will find some data about the trees that can be found on the foot path:  

E  Evergreen Oak (Quercus coccifera): 0-1400m. Found mainly in bush form in those areas damaged by herds. However there are taller ones remaining in some places.
E
 
Olive (Olea europaea): 0-800m. The natural trees are smaller with the cultivated ones being tall.
Laurel (Laurus nobilis): 0-500m. A bushy tree famous with its leaves used as spice. Mostly found in the gullies.

E
 
Eastern Strawberry Tree (Arbutus andrachne): 0-500m. A rare tree with a distinctive red bark.
E
 
Myrtle (Myrtus communis): 0-500m. A bushy tree having small fruits, mostly seen under red pine trees.
E 
Carob (Ceratonia siliqua): 0-300m. A tree with dark, shiny and thick leaves, having horn-shaped fruits.
D 
Deciduous Oak
(Quercus ithaburensis): 300-1400m. These trees are preserved near cultivated fields.
D 
Almond
(Amygdalus lycioides):
0-800m. Naturally growing. The earliest blossoming (in February) tree.
D 
Fig
(Ficus carica): 0-800m. Naturally growing, found in moist soil.
D 
Plan
e Tree (Platanus orientalis): 0-1000m. A tree growing in moist soil, to a large size in both width and height, having leaves in the shape of one’s hand.
Elm (Ulmus minor): 500-1000m. They can be tall and found locally around Kozagaci. There is one, just across the fountain at this village.

D 
Maple (Acer undulatum): 1400-1800m. An endemic type of maple possessing smaller leaves than commonly found.
D  Judas Tree (Cercis siliquastrum): 1200-1700m. A rare tree with bright purple flowers in May and bean-shaped fruits in late summer.
D
 
Turpentine Tree (Pistacia terebinthus): 300-1400m. A tree having small fruits clustered together. Mostly seen in rocky places.
D 
Storax (Styrax officinalis): 0-1000m. A bushy tree mostly seen under red pine trees.
C 
Red Pine
(Pinus brutia): 0-1200m. The dominant tree of low and medium altitudes. They are resistant to heat and drought.
C 
Cedar
(Cedrus libani): 1200-1700m. The dominant tree of high altitudes. They prefer cool and moist places. Very old and tall ones can be found in the forest.
C 
Juniper
(Juniperus sp.): 500-1900m. A tree or bush resistant to extreme conditions.

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